A disaster management report related to the Merapi mudflow
From REAAA Wiki
By: Ir. Djoko Murjanto, MSc
From: Council Member Representing Directorate General of Highways, Ministry of Public Works Republic of Indonesia
Indonesia is located in the area of tectonic plate between Asia and Australian plate as well as the ring of fire. Consequently, it has many volcanoes. It is confirmed that mountains in Indonesian islands have more than 400 volcanoes, which are 100 of them still active. History records that there is two huge eruptions occurred in Indonesia during this millennia, Tambora eruption in 1815 and Krakatoa in 1883. Therefore, an event of disaster is not uncommon in Indonesia.
Disaster is defined as an event or phenomena which are disrupt life and social life caused by nature and/or non-nature as well as human that causing lost of life, natural damage, lost of material and psychological effect (UU No.24 Tahun 2007). However, in this case, the discussion of disaster is focused into natural disaster.
Though each disaster have different characteristic, essentially it has similar substantial management. Then, refers from the philosophy and management of the disaster, it can be promoted a comprehensive disaster management cycle. In general, this cycle shows the disaster management process which is a set of action before the disaster happens, pre-disaster, disaster approaching, disaster happening, and after it happened. The disaster management cycle is important as a reference to manage every type of disaster.