November 2005 Edition

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CONTENTS

  • Editorial
  • Privatisation of Road Facilities - the Malaysian Experience
  • Development of Hourly,Daily And Monthly Factors and its Application to Prediction Model for Motorcycle Accidents at Junctions in Malaysia
  • Electronic Toll Collection System: A Road Management Tool
  • Community Road Safety - Recent Developments in Australia With Possible Relevance for Developing Countries
  • The Effectiveness of a Continuous Paved Shoulder to Reduce Motorcycle Conflicts at Junctions
  • Training Needs for the Region


Editorial

4 nov05.pdf
This second issue of the REAAA Journal for 2005 contains six papers.

The paper ‘Privatisation of Road Facilities – the Malaysian Experience’ was presented at the 4th Heads of Road Authorities (HORA) meeting in Bangkok in June this year. The paper describes the road privatisation mechanism in Malaysia, the approach adopted, lessons learnt in previous years and how the recent Asian economic crisis has affected the implementation of road privatisation projects.

The paper ‘Development of Hourly, Daily and Monthly Factors and its Application to Prediction Model for Motorcycle Accidents at Junctions in Malaysia’ describes the development of hourly, daily and monthly factors representing volume-variation patterns of traffic in typical States in Malaysia. A simple and quick method for the estimation of the Annual Average daily Traffic (AADT), based on short traffic counts using the appropriate conversion factors of hourly traffic volume, is presented as well as an application of this technique in the development of a prediction model for motorcycle accidents at non-signalised junctions in Malaysia.

The highway authority of the Japanese Government is dealing with the implementation of Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) as one of the top priority issues of the highway administration. Since the introduction of commercial operation of ETC in 2001, a great deal of effort such as several promotional campaigns with public subsidies or instalment of ETC gantry systems has been put into promoting the system. This paper, the first paper from Japan to be published in the Journal, describes the introduction of the ETC system into tollways in Japan. Since the introduction of the ETC toll system in 2001, the effects and impacts on the community have been much larger than initially envisaged.

The next paper addresses the issue of community road safety. Basic principles relating to objectives and structures developed in an Austroads project are discussed and progress made in a program in Tasmania, Australia, which is based on these principles, is reported. The relevance for developing countries is also discussed.

Another paper from Malaysia describes a study undertaken to examine the effectiveness of providing a continuous paved shoulder to reduce motorcycle conflicts at T-junctions. The effects of the treatment on motorcycle speed and paved shoulder usage were also studied. The study revealed a statistically significant reduction in overall traffic conflicts as well as particular conflict types after the treatment. These results supported the hypothesis that this treatment does reduce overall conflict.

One of the primary goals of REAAA is to improve the delivery of technical services to members. The final paper discusses the general issue of training needs for the region, activities to date and planned future activities. Possible avenues for conducting these activities, including the ASEAN Regional Road Safety program, are also discussed. Also included in the paper are the results of a questionnaire completed by delegates at the recent HORA meeting on the major issues that could be addressed in training courses or seminars.

The Editorial Panel continues to seek papers and technical notes for publication in the Journal. The membership of the Editorial Panel follows. REAAA members interested in submitting a paper should seek advice from the appropriate member(s) of the Editorial Panel. The Panel is striving to publish at least one paper from each Chapter or region each year.


Kieran Sharp

Chairman REAAA Technical Committe


for the full journal, please download Pdf icon2.png here