Recent Trend of Fatal Motorcycle Crashes in Malaysia, (The 8th Int. Forum of Automotive Traffic Safety (INFATS), Wuhu, China, December 2010)

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Abstract

Motorcyclist is one of the most vulnerable groups of road users. In Malaysia, motorcyclist casualties constitute more than two thirds of road accident victims. This study describes recent trends of fatal motorcycle crash in Malaysia as well as changes in crash rates during the past ten years. Police data were used to examine the motorcycle fatal crashes annually from year 1999 to 2008. The data was retrospectively collected from the MIROS Accident Database and Analysis Unit which maintains a centralised national traffic accident database, MIROS Road Accident Database (MROADS). A total of 35,603 fatalities among motorcyclist were recorded during the ten years period. Most of the victims of motorcycle crash were males in which male predominated over female in the ratio 11:1. The fatalities among motorcycle rider were 88% while only 12 % for pillion. Majority (38%) of the victims were in the age group 16–25 years. Overall, the rider fatalities increased in 14% with significant increase in female rider which has doubled over the last ten years. Nevertheless, female pillion fatalities have reduced 78% with only 34 deaths in the year 2008. Although the number of registered motorcycle rise the motorcycle fatalities rate per 10000 registered motorcycles has decreased from 6.7 in the year 1999 to 4.6 in the year 2008. Overall, the number of fatalities in motorcycle crashes in Malaysia has continued to increase over the past ten years and substantial progress remains to be seen. While male riders surpass females in number of fatal crashes, there are increasing trends to crash fatalities in female riders. These findings provide feedback on potential road safety successes and areas needing specific interventions for future improvements.

Keywords

motorcycle, rider, collision type


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