TC-4 Asset Management

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SUMMARY

TC-4 Asset Management.pdf
Each year nearly 1.3 million people (or 3,000 people each day) die as a result of a road traffic collision and more than half of these people are not travelling in a car. Twenty to fifty million more people sustain non-fatal injuries, a major cause of disability worldwide. Ninety per cent of road traffic deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries, which account for less than half the world's registered vehicle fleet. Road traffic injuries are among the three leading causes of death for people between 5 and 44 years of age. Unless immediate and effective action is taken, road traffic injuries are predicted to become the fifth leading cause of death in the world, causing an estimated 2.4 million deaths each year.

REAAA Governing Council agreed that the development of a Compendium on Good Practices: Road Safety – Make it Happen would be one way for REAAA to make a positive response to this global challenge. As a result, a workshop addressing this topic was conducted during the 9th Heads of Road Authorities (HORA) meeting, held in Kuala Lumpur in April 2010. The outcome of this workshop was a Table of Contents and a work program for the delivery of the Compendium.

This Compendium on Good Practices: Road Safety – Make it Happen commences with an overview of the Decade of Action (2011-2020). This is followed by a compilation of accident statistics for each country in the region commencing from the year 2001 up to, depending on the availability of data, 2010 (2011 data is available from Indonesia).

A series of case studies addressing the issues identified during the workshop as relevant to the topic is then presented. Each country was asked to address two or three of these issues and the resulting responses have been condensed into this Compendium.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The authors acknowledge all those who participated in the preparation of the case studies and the Working Group for their contributions to the preparation of this Compendium.


CONTENTS

1 INTRODUCTION ..1...................................................................................................................................1

1.1 Format of Case Studies .................................................................................................................2

2 DECADE OF ACTION (2011-2020).........................................................................................................3

3 THE ‘SAFE SYSTEMS’ A’ APPPRROOAACCHH........................................................................................................5

4 CURRENT ACCIDENT STATISTICS ......................................................................................................7

5 CASE STUDIES: MIXED TRAFFIC / SEGREGATION OF MOTORCYCLES......................................14

5.1 Mixed Traffic and Segregation of Motorcycles on Jalan Klang-Kuala Lumpur ............................14

5.2 Design of an Exclusive Bus Lane in Taiwan................................................................................20

5.3 Issues and Solutions to Motorcycle Problems in Indonesia.........................................................22

6 CASE STUDIES: VULNERABLE ROAD USERS – PEDESTRIANS AND CYCLISTS .......................32

6.1 Measures to Improve Safe-to-Walk Areas in Japan ....................................................................32

6.2 Enhancement of Safety at Signalised Pedestrian Crossings in Singapore .................................37

6.3 Improving Sidewalks for the Safety of the Elderly and Physically Disabled in Japan..................40

6.4 Ensuring Safer Mobility for Cyclists, Pedestrians and Joggers in Residential Areas in Brunei ...........................................................................................................................................45

7 OPTIMISATION OF ROAD OPERATIONS: INTERSECTIONS ...........................................................47

7.1 Improving Safety for Right-Turning Traffic at Signalized Junctions in Singapore........................47

7.2 Enhanced Conspicuity at Gore Areas in Singapore through the Provision of a Chevron Zone Red......................................................................................................................................49

7.3 Road Intersection Improvement Plans in Korea ..........................................................................51

7.4 Effects of Section Speed Enforcement on Expressways in Korea ..............................................53

7.5 Remodelling of the Gyeongbu Expressway (Osan-Yangjae Section) in Korea...........................56

7.6 T-Junction in Seksyen 26 Jalan Hulu Tinggi 26/6 – Jalan Ijuk 26/5 – Jalan TP 7/9 off Jalan Batu Tiga Lama, Shah Alam Selangor, Malaysia...............................................................58

8 OPTIMISATION OF ROAD OPERATIONS: SPEED MANAGEMENT .................................................61

8.1 Speed Limits in Strip Shopping Centres: Case Study – Victoria, Australia .................................61

8.2 Speed Limit Enforcement: Case Study – Victoria, Australia........................................................64

8.3 Banning the Use of the Count-Down Monitor for the Green Light – Taiwan ...............................68

8.4 U-Turn Metering in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia...................................................................70

9 ROAD HIERARCHY ..............................................................................................................................73

9.1 The Establishment of a Master Plan for an Arterial Road Network in Sumatra...........................73

10 MAINTENANCE ISSUES.......................................................................................................................80

10.1 Making Roads Motorcycle Friendly: Case Study – Victoria, Australia.........................................80

10.2 Sustainable Concrete Road Maintenance Solution with Enhanced Safety – Singapore.............83

10.3 Managing Road Safety from a Road Maintenance Perspective in Malaysia...............................86

11 ROAD DESIGN .................................................................................................................................89

11.1 Incorporating Safe Road Design into Projects: Case Study – Western Australia........................89

11.2 Road Design Issues in Hilly Terrain in Malaysia: A Maintenance Perspective............................95

11.3 Road Design Issues Associated with Rangiriri 2+1 in New Zealand ...........................................99

11.4 Black-Spot Improvement Program in Thailand ..........................................................................101

11.5 Prioritized Implementation of Traffic Safety Measures at Accident Black-spots in Japan.........107

12 NON-ENGINEERING ISSUES.............................................................................................................111

12.1 Road Safety Governance in Victoria ..........................................................................................111

12.2 Austroads Review of Crash Databases .....................................................................................114

12.3 Deployment of a Highway Accident Information Management System in Thailand ..................120

12.4 Development of a Traffic Accident Database in Japan..............................................................126

12.5 Development of MIROS Road Accident Analysis & Database System (MROADS) and its Applications in Road Safety Research and Interventions..........................................................130

12.6 Road Accident Data Collection and Analysis in Brunei .............................................................134
APPENDIX A DECADE OF ACTION – PILLARS .......................................................................138